Clinical Depression Symptoms And Causes In Men & Women
Even though there are three major clinical depression symptoms, other minor symptoms abound. It is very important that you know these major and minor signs, so that when you observe them in you or someone else, you’ll take the necessary action fast, to save the situation and avert the terrible consequences of untimely attention. Before highlighting the symptoms and signs of clinical depression, it’s important that I refresh your mind with the definition.
What is clinical depression?
Clinical depression, also called major depressive disorder (MDD), recurrent depressive disorder, major depression, or unipolar depression, is a mental health disorder characterized majorly by low mood, low self-esteem, lack of energy, and loss of interest in ordinarily interesting activities.
Clinically depressed people require urgent attention, as the disorder affects their family lives, school lives, or work lives, as well as their sleeping and eating habits. In very severe cases, affected people often resort to suicide. In fact, about 4% of all clinically depressed people commit suicide. In addition, research has proven that a whopping 60% of those who committed suicide were clinically depressed during their lifetime.
Most commonly, clinical depression symptoms begin to manifest at some point between ages 20 and 30 and later reach their peak around 10 years later if not arrested at the very onset. For this reason, most cases of, and attempts at, suicide are recorded in individuals between ages 30 and 40.
There is no standard laboratory test for clinical depression. However, diagnosis is based on the patient’s experiences and behavior, as self-reported by the patient, or by relatives, friends, or other very close associates.
Clinical depression symptoms
As stated earlier, clinical depression affects the patient’s family and interpersonal relationships, school or work life, eating and sleeping habits, as well as general health. Here is a comprehensive list of the symptoms and signs of clinical depression, as acknowledged by the World Health Organization.
A low mood which perverts all aspects of life
Inability to derive pleasure in activities that were formerly enjoyed
Rumination over feelings of guilt, worthlessness, hopelessness, helplessness, inappropriate regret, and self-hatred.
Frequent thoughts of death or suicide
Reduced sex drive
Insomnia (affects about 80% of patients)
Loss of appetite
Agitation and lethargy
Causes of clinical depression
Physiological, psychological, social, and genetic factors have been implicated as the four main causes of clinical depression, with most cases of the disorder being traced to social and psychological causes. In order not to digress away from the main topic, full details of these causes will not be given here.
Treatment of clinical depression
A number of clinical techniques have been successfully used in the treatment of clinical depression. These include use of antidepressant drugs, psychotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy, and alternative therapy techniques such as exercise, dietary modifications, herbs, and yoga.
Clinical depression is a very dangerous disorder, and should not be left untreated. Never assume that you’re alright, or that a clinically depressed friend, colleague, or relative is alright until affirmed as such by a medical expert. It may just be that the clinical depression symptoms have subsided temporarily.