Manic Depression Symptoms In Adults Women, Men & Children – Understanding manic depression symptoms can help you deal with the disorder at its very onset, before it wrecks much havoc. For this reason, it is very important that you know these symptoms. In this article, the basic facts about manic depression, which you must know are discussed.
What Is Manic Depression
Manic depression, also known as manic depression disorder, or bipolar affective disorder, is a collective term for a group of mental health disorders characterized by one or more episodes of abnormally increased energy levels, mood, and cognition with or without one or more episodes of depression. The episodes of elevated moods are clinically referred to as mania, or hypomania if they occur mildly.
Usually people who experience manic episodes also experience episodes of depression, or manifest symptoms of both together. When the latter happens, it is known as the “mixed state”. Even though periods of normalcy may occur intermittently, in severe cases where there occurs rapid alternations between mania and depression, there may be no chance for such periods. When manic depression reaches severe levels, advanced symptoms, such as hallucinations, delusions, and contemplating and attempting suicide, may manifest.
A depressive episode usually lasts for at least two weeks, and may persist for more than six months if not dealt with. Similarly, a manic episode usually lasts between few weeks and many months.
Manic Depression Symptoms
The symptoms of manic depression disorder, as manifested by different individuals, vary, making it hard for experts to diagnose it. However, some signs and symptoms are common to almost all cases. Because the signs and symptoms vary, depending on the episode, they are under-listed in two categories, based on the two episodes of the disorder.
Depression Episode Symptoms
- Sleep and appetite disturbances
- Loss of interest in pleasurable activities
- Concentration problems
- Loss of interest in sexual activity
- Shyness and low self esteem
- Social anxiety
- Chronic pain with no traceable cause
- Psychosis (in severe cases)
- Manic episode symptoms
- Increased energy
- Decreased need for sleep
- Concentration problems
- Reduced attention span
- Impaired sense of judgment
- Derivation of pleasure in abnormal activities
- Abnormally increased sexual drive
- Severe anxiety
- Dependence on alcohol, cocaine, and smoking
- Affected thinking
- Causes of manic depression
Causes Of Manic Depression
Manic depression has been traced to a number of causes. These include genetic factors, imbalances in the structure and function of brain circuit-like connections, and environmental and social causes such as stress and intimidation.
Manic depression treatment
Manic depression disorder can be very difficult to deal with, especially if you attempt self-treatment. Therefore, if you observe any of the above listed signs and symptoms in yourself or someone else, the best approach towards a lasting solution is to seek medical attention. In other words, you must consult a psychiatrist immediately. If manic depression is not dealt with timely enough, affected persons may commit suicide.